Maximum benefit from this course will be achieved by making time to read all of the resources and completing all of the exercises. This area of the law is very fluid and changes come quickly, some that are substantive.

Where do I find current laws listed?

We have linked resources in this course and also you will find a ‘course library’, which links you to key resources that we believe you will find helpful.

Best source is the Justice Laws Website which is set up by the Government of Canada; as the page notes they update the consolidations of the laws ‘weekly’ . .

"Welcome to the online source of the consolidated Acts and regulations of Canada. The consolidations are generally updated on a weekly basis.”JusticeWebsiteHeader

 Justice Website

PDF Documents

Section 718 Criminal Code of Canada (pdf)

Ipeelee and Gladue Summary (pdf)




Oral Reasons for Sentence


1Winek, J. L. (2010). Systemic family therapy: From theory to practice. Los Angeles, CA: Sage. Mosby’s

2Dental Dictionary, 2nd edition. © 2008 Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

3David K. Gast, "Characteristics and Concepts of Minority Americans in Contemporary Children’s Fictional Literature,” (unpublished Ed.D. dissertation, Arizona State University, 1965), Chapter 4.

4Worldview is the overall lens by which a people or individual sees and interprets their world.

5Brown, R. I., Schalock, R. L., & 4Brown, I. (2009). Quality of life: Its application to persons with intellectual disabilities and their families- introduction and overview. Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, 6, 2-6. Smart, J. (2009). Disability, society, and the individual (2nd ed). Austin, TX: Pro-Ed.

6Smart, J., & Smart, D. (1991). Acceptance of disability and the Mexican American culture. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 34, 357 -368.

7Meares, A. C. (1997). Making the transition from conventional to sustainable agriculture: gender, social movement participation, and quality of life on the family farm. Rural Sociology, 62, 21- 47.

8Bishop, M., Berven, N. L., Hermann, B. P., & Chang, F. (2002). Quality of life among adults with epilepsy: An exploratory model. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 45, 87 95.

9Frain, M. P., Berven, N. L., Chan, F.,& Tschopp, M. K. (2008). Family resiliency, uncertainty, optimism, and quality of life of individuals with HIV/AIDS. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 52, 16 – 27.

10Supra – see note 1 above.

11Olson, D. H., & Gorall, D. M. (2003). Circumplex Model of marital and family systems. In F. Walsh (Ed.), Normal Family Processes: Growing Diversity and Complexity (3rd ed., pp. 514 – 544). New York, NY: Guilford Press.